Gladiolus Growing Stages – A Complete Guide

Gladiolus Growing Stages

Do you want to make your lawn or garden look beautiful and captivating? If yes, grow gladiolus plants in your garden. This article is all about the basic information of gladiolus and its growing stages.

The trumpet shape gladiolus is an alluring and low-maintenance plant that makes your garden prettier and more attractive. These flowers come in various colors that enhance the beauty of the lawn. 

What is Gladiolus?

Gladiolus, better known as ‘Glads’ is a flowering plant that belongs to the iris family. Native to South Africa, these are decorative plants that are grown in home lawns and gardens. 


The gladiolus plants come in a variety of colors, including yellow, orange, pink, red, white, and bi-colored. The most interesting thing about these flowers is, each color of gladiolus conveys a different meaning. 

Like, white glad represents innocence, and red depicts the meaning of passion and love. 

Key Points of Gladiolus Plant

Before diving into the growth stages of gladiolus, here is some basic and interesting information about it. Give a read to these facts!

  • Gladiolus should be planted in the spring season after the last frost.
  • These plants grow well under full sun and well-drained soil.
  • Gladiolus needs regular watering.
  • Can be used for floral arrangements.
  • Prone to various pests and diseases, including mites, fusarium wilt, and thrips. 

Gladiolus Growing Stages

Now that you have the introductory knowledge of the gladiolus plant, we must dive into the gladiolus growth stages and have a closer look. 

Gladiolus stages

Preparation Stage

Preparation is a crucial stage for gladiolus growth. This stage takes place in the early spring. At this stage, gardeners should select a planting site that has well-draining soil and full exposure to the sun. 

For better results, you must add organic matter and fertilizer to the soil to promote healthy growth. 

Planting Stage

The initial stage of gladiolus growth is corm development. The corms should be planted in the soil in the spring season, once the frost has passed. You should plant corms about 4-6 inches deep and 6 inches apart. After planting, water the plant thoroughly. 

Germination Stage

The third stage of gladiolus growth is germination. In this stage, the leaves start to pop up from the soil, and you will witness new growth. There will be no flowers at this stage. 

Keep the soil moist to help your plant enter the vegetative growth stage.

Vegetative Growth Stage

In vegetative growth, the gladiolus continues its growth and produces more leaves, stems, and roots. The plant establishes itself and stores energy reserves for the blooming stage. 

Water the plants regularly and add fertilizers to the soil every two weeks.

Bulb Formation Stage

At this stage, the bulbs are developed from the corms, and it usually happens after 10-12 weeks of planting. You need to keep the soil moist. Do not give extra water to the plan. Too much exposure to water can rot the bulbs, and hence your plant will be destroyed. 

Flowering Stage

The next one is flowering in the gladiolus growing stages. In this stage, the plant produces beautiful captivating flowers of different colors. The flowers are in red, pink, purple, or white colors and each flower has six petals. 

The flowers grow on large stems and each stem has six to eight flowers. These flowers bloom from June to August. 

You need to water the plant in the peak summer months.

Post-Flowering Stage

The post-flowering stage is when the flowers stop their blooming phase. In this stage, you should cut down the flowers from the stems so that the plant can gather energy for the next year’s flowers. 

Continue to monitor your plant and take care of it from pests and diseases. 

Ending Notes

So, that’s all from the gladiolus growing stages. There are seven different stages of gladiolus growth. Each has its own characteristics and importance. Every gardener and plant lover should understand the growth process. Understanding the process helps you take better care of your plant and ensure a healthy and beautiful life. 

One thing you must take care of is pests and diseases. Pests or diseases can cause problems for your plant and destroy the whole growth procedure.

For Peony Growth Stages click.

the authorSophia

Leave a Reply